Globalism may be in its downfall, but globalization is as strong as ever. Globalism is an unwritten ideology or worldview that tries to destroy the differences between civilizations, while globalization is the process of more connected civilizations, which does not necessarily mean the ideological part. Connection and mutual learning between civilizations have existed since antiquity and this strengthened the identity of each civilization, by adapting certain technological, cultural, military and other achievements, without destroying the core values of the civilization.
Oswald Spengler, Arnold Toynbee and Samuel Huntington all wrote about the civilization as the main subject of history. Nation, class, tribe – this is only secondary. Indeed, even the concept of nation is a unique idea – it comes from Western culture and only later was adapted by other civilizations. Huntington wrote not only about the “clash” of civilizations, but also, and this is important, about the rebirth of non-Western civilizations through the modernization and globalization brought by the West. Technological achievements, certain political concepts are adapted to push the West out of its own game. The example of Islamic State is an extreme one, but the process is universal. Ideologies do not matter anymore. It is all about identity – like it always has been.
Demographic and economic change means that the West is losing its positions to other civilizations on a global stage. But the real problem is that while other civilizations are becoming prouder of their identity, the West faces internal civilizational threat by the left-wing ultra-liberalism, which denies not only Western values, but every sane cultural and human values, even attacking family as the basis of society through the “gender” ideology.
The first two waves of globalization were projects led by the West. First wave was led by the British empire through the colonial system and the new technological achievements of Europeans in the industrial revolution. It ended between 1914 and 1945 when the fight for the leading role in this process between British Empire and Germany started two world wars. Second wave started after 1945 and this was led by the United States. This system was (and still is) based on the international financial system, free market and again – new technological achievements. The fight for the leading role between United States and USSR ended in 1991 with undeniable victory of United States. But the wars in the middle east, global financial crisis and economical rise of the Asian giants has changed things – and the victories of the new nationalists in Brexit (in the first leader of Globalization) and Trump (in the second leader of Globalization) are responses to these changes.
World is in a change. A new wave of globalization will happen. But this globalization will not be led by the globalists – who use the connections between the cultures to replace them with mass “culture” and mass society. I predict a globalization lead by civilizations. Realism in the international relations is returning. New rules are being made here and now. The West must learn fast. It seems that Trump is learning these rules and making the rules– his policies are essentially re-Westernization of the West (being proud of our heritage and identity), respect through strength in international relations and drawing red lines that others cannot cross. Ultra-liberal opposition do not see the bigger picture. They do not see that West needs to change, to return to its roots and values to be part of this third wave of globalization. Sadly, some of the European nationalist movements who are anti-EU, but pro-Russian do not see the bigger picture also. New nationalists should not forget about the civilization as the main subject of history. Just because the idea of European unity was stolen by the globalists, doesn’t mean we should be against it. On the contrary – it is more important than ever in the third wave of globalization lead by civilizations.