21st century nationalism
Nationalism as a worldview is always changing according to the political environment and challenges set by its political enemies. 21st century nationalism is different from the 20th and 19th century nationalism. It was clear that hegemony of ultra-liberal elites that started in the 1960s could not continue forever. Even more – this hegemony and extreme version of ultra-liberalism created a counter movement. This movement is New Nationalism.
New Nationalism in its broadest sense can be seen in the many parts of the world. Its common characteristics are following:
1. Populism – democracy as the will of the people not project of elites
2. Anti-globalism – if in the 20th century the main enemy of nationalism was communism, now it is globalism, which in its essence is a relative of communism.
3. Anti-immigration – the radical immigration policies of ultra-liberal elites can be considered the main cause of Brexit and election of Donald Trump. Return to the ideas that without borders there is no nation, is a fundamental one.
4. Identity – 20th century nationalism was mainly focused on the idea of self-determination of a nation. In 21st century it is not enough, as globalism threatens every natural and healthy identity. New Nationalism aims at protecting every level of human society – from the individual, to family and to civilization.
New Nationalism is changing the world that has existed since the fall of USSR. It is also changing the traditional notions of left and right. For new nationalists economics are secondary and nation comes first. It is a return to what is truly fundamental.
New Nationalism could be divided in to three regional variations.
The Alt-Right is a phenomenon that is influential in United States, but it is hard to define it. It unites all those of the right that reject the mainstream conservatism from many libertarians and tea-party activists to white nationalists. It is a specifically a U.S. movement. For some the focus is economics and trade problems with countries like China, for others the Cultural-Marxism in the academia or for some even race relations. It is hard to tell if it is even a movement, rather a spontaneous reaction, or subculture against certain problems that the Republican party choose to ignore in recent past. It is mobilized by left-wing activists paying too much attention to it and trying to demonize it. If there could be some influence of alt-right in Europe, it would be the effective use of internet to spread the ideological message by memes, but in general, this movement does not have much in common with nationalism of European nations.
Then there is the New Right and identitarianism, which is a phenomenon of Western Europe. Identitarianism is both step further and in a way a step back. It is a step further considering the rich intellectual material New Right has created over the years, re-defining what right wing politics in Europe is. It is a step back considering the idea is that Europeans are some kind of “natives” in multicultural society, where they have to compete with other ethnic groups that could in future become dominant ones. The open definition of “Nation” in France has allowed the nationalism itself to become more multicultural; therefore, Identitarianism is a way to be ethno-nationalist in Western European context.
In the Intermarium region ethnicity, nation and national state are closely linked. Nation state secures the existence of nation with a certain ethnic core. Our nationalism is developing in the 21st century, but there is no need to radically re-define it, as most of the society is already conservative and nationalist in its basic notions. New Nationalism in the Intermarium can learn from the experience of Western Europe and U.S., but our nationalism is developing organically and is in a completely different strategic situation. In many countries like Poland and Hungary, nationalism is mainstream phenomena.
So while the first four elements of New Nationalism – populism, anti-globalism, anti-immigration, identity – are also important to the most nations of Intermarium, there also two other specific elements that could be even more important:
1. The geopolitics in the Intermarium is a question of survival not about theory. Geopolitics are the weakest point of New Nationalist movements in the West. Geopolitical ideas of these movements are either non-existing or connected with Eurasianism. For the countries of Intermarium the relations between the neighbouring countries and historical challenges by large European and Eurasian powers have left many painful historical lessons. This is why a realistic approach in geopolitics are more characteristic to the Intermarium New Nationalism. And because geopolitics are superior to politics, New Nationalism in Intermarium has a more solid basis.
2. Ethnic nationalism – in the West New Nationalism is not necessarily an ethnic one. In Intermarium common language, historical experience of thousands of years, religion and common ancestry has much more importance than everything else.
To understand the laws of history is to follow the logic of nationalism. Only with New Nationalism survival and development of European Nations is possible in the 21st century.